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Bougainvillea

(pronounced /ˌbuːɡɨnˈvɪliə/)[1] is a genus of flowering plants
native to South America from Brazil west to Peru and south to
southern Argentina (Chubut Province). Different authors accept
between four and 18 species in the genus. The plant was
discovered in Brazil in 1768, by Philibert Commerçon, French
Botanist accompanying French Navy admiral and explorer
Louis Antoine de Bougainville during his voyage of
circumnavigation
.
They are thorny, woody vines growing anywhere from 1-12 meters tall, scrambling over other
plants with their hooked thorns. The thorns are tipped with a black, waxy substance. They are
evergreen where rainfall occurs all year, or deciduous if there is a dry season. The leaves are
alternate, simple ovate-acuminate, 4-13 cm long and 2-6 cm broad. The actual flower of the plant
is small and generally white, but each cluster of three flowers is surrounded by three or six bracts
with the bright colors associated with the plant, including pink, magenta, purple, red, orange,
white, or yellow. Bougainvillea glabra is sometimes referred to as "paper flower" because the
bracts are thin and papery. The fruit is a narrow five-lobed achene.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Bougainvillea are relatively pest-free plants, but may
suffer from worms and aphids. The larvae of some
Lepidoptera species also use them as food plants, for
example the Giant Leopard Moth.