Buxus microphylla a.k.a. Japenese Boxwood
(Japanese Box or Littleleaf Box) is a species of Buxus native to
Japan and Taiwan.
It is an evergreen shrub or small tree growing to 2–3 m tall. The
leaves are bright green, 10–25 mm long, oval with a rounded or
Buxus microphylla, is a popular low growing
evergreen shrub. The Wintergreen Boxwood is
commonly seen as a low hedge or border defining the
edges of formal and informal gardens. The
Wintergreen Boxwood offers dark green lustrous
leaves and creates a striking hedge with year round
color. Boxwood Wintergreen will hold its green color
all winter long.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Buxus is a genus of about 70 species in the family Buxaceae. Common names include box (majority
of English-speaking countries) or boxwood (North America).
The boxes are native to western and southern Europe, southwest, southern and eastern Asia,
Africa, Madagascar, northernmost South America, Central America, Mexico and the Caribbean,
with the majority of species tropical or subtropical; only the European and some Asian species are
frost-tolerant. Centres of diversity occur in Cuba (about 30 species), China (17 species) and
Madagascar (9 species).
They are slow-growing evergreen shrubs and small trees, growing to 2-12 m (rarely 15 m) tall. The
leaves are opposite, rounded to lanceolate, and leathery; they are small in most species, typically
1.5-5 cm long and 0.3-2.5 cm broad, but up to 11 cm long and 5 cm broad in B. macrocarpa. The
flowers are small and yellow-green, monoecious with both sexes present on a plant. The fruit is a
small capsule 0.5-1.5 cm long (to 3 cm in B. macrocarpa), containing several small seeds.
The genus splits into three genetically distinct sections, each section in a different region, with the
Eurasian species in one section, the African (except northwest Africa) and Madagascan species in
the second, and the American species in the third. The African and American sections are
genetically closer to each other than to the Eurasian section (Balthazar et al., 2000).